Types of Stomach Surgery

Types of Stomach Surgery

Stomach surgery is performed each day by hundreds of surgeons up and down the UK; there are various types of stomach surgery that is carried out both on the NHS and in the private sector. NHS treatment is free in the UK and private will cost unless the patient has health insurance that covers the surgery. Both sectors will have health professionals that are trained to the same levels and the overall level of care provided is excellent in both areas.

Stomach surgery is not taken lightly no matter what the type of surgery and is a risky operation to perform. In the case of surgery to help treat obesity there is likely to be massive changes in lifestyle and diet.

Bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgery is one of the most common types of stomach surgery in the UK. The term “bariatric surgery” is used to refer to all kinds of surgical procedures that are used to treat obesity.

Morbidly obese people are likely to be in need of surgery and there are different methods that can be applied to reduce the size of the stomach which will help to lose weight. There are two main types of stomach surgery to aid in weight loss, the first is “restrictive” the aim of restrictive surgery is to is to restrict the overall size of the stomach using either staples or a band. Restrictive surgery will mean that a person is only able to eat small meals which will help them to lose weight.

The second kind of bariatric surgery is “malabsorptive”; the aim of this kind of surgery is to restrict stomach size. The malabsorptive method of surgery is to bypass part of the digestive system which will lessen food intake and prevent the body from absorbing as many calories.

Gastric banding and gastric bypass surgery are the two most common types of stomach surgery to reduce weight dramatically. The gastric band is a reversible operation and the band can be adjusted on several occasions for optimum restriction. Gastric bypass surgery is a permanent operation that has faster weight loss results and has a longer proven history of success.

Bariatric surgery does come with risk and there is a chance of side effects and complications.

Hernia Surgery

Hernia surgery is also one of the types of stomach surgery procedures. A hernia is caused by an internal part of the body (generally an organ) pushing through the tissue wall or muscle. The most common form of hernia operation is to cure an inguinal hernia. Around 70,000 operations take place on an inguinal hernia each year in England alone. They are more common in men and may affect people that have chronic constipation or a chronic cough; people that do lots of heavy lifting are also affected. Surgery to repair a hernia will work to push the bulge back into place and re-strengthen the wall of the abdomen to prevent it from reoccurring. Hernia surgery has far less risk of complication than bariatric surgery.