Obesity Stomach Surgery

Obesity Stomach Surgery

Obesity is a leading cause of health problems in the UK and sometimes requires the need of surgery to help treat the condition. Many people that are classed as obese are able to be sufficiently treated with the help of a strict diet plan and an exercise routine; for people that are morbidly obese alternative methods are not the answer and do not help in losing weight.

The term used to describe weight loss surgery is bariatric surgery and there are different methods used to help a person lose weight. Each method of surgery has the same aim of reducing stomach capacity so that only small meals are needed to fill the stomach.

Before surgery

Obesity stomach surgery like any other kind of surgery is classed as a last resort, your GP or surgeon may request that you try alternative non-surgical methods before surgery is considered. The first method will be a diet plan; if this does not work then a gastric balloon may be suggested.

The gastric balloon is a method that is designed to partially fill the stomach and lower the patient’s cravings for food. A balloon is inserted orally into the stomach with the help of tubes and the inflated with saline, in some cases this method is enough to help a patient lose weight but will do so over a much longer time period.

Gastric bypass surgery

Obesity stomach surgery is sometimes the only way in which to help a patient lose weight, performing a gastric bypass is shown to have the best results and is the best proven method of dramatic weight loss. The operation is performed under general anaesthetic and involves keyhole surgery (laparoscopic surgery). Small cuts are made in the abdomen and with the use of small instruments and a telescope with a camera; surgical staples are used to make a pouch in the top part of the stomach, cutting it off from the lower part. A hole is made in the new pouch which is used to attach a piece of the small intestine; this will then be the new stomach. Any food that is eaten will bypass the rest of the stomach and not all food will be digested meaning rapid weight loss. A gastric bypass operation is permanent and cannot be reversed.

Gastric band surgery

The other successful method of obesity stomach surgery is the use of a gastric band, although the results are not as dramatic as the bypass operation, a gastric band can be reversed and is seen as a safer method of surgery. Gastric band obesity stomach surgery is also carried out using keyhole surgery; a band is placed around the top of the stomach and attached to an injection port. The band contains a balloon filled with saline which can be adjusted through the injection port after surgery has taken place to achieve the desired stomach restriction. It is likely that the band will need adjustment two or three times in the months after surgery.